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Title: The influence of sun drying process and prolonged storage on composition of essential oil from clove buds (Syzygium aromaticum)
Authors: Hastuti, L. T.
Saepudin, Endang
Cahyana, A. Herry
Rahayu, D. U. C.
Murni, V. W.
Haib, J.
Issue Date: Jul-2017
Publisher: AIP Publishing
Series/Report no.: Volume 1862;
Abstract: Clove (Syzygium aromaticum) is native to Indonesia and used as a spice in virtually all of the world’s cuisine. Clove bud oil, a yellow liquid, is obtained from distillation of buds. The quality of oil is influenced by origin, post-harvest processing, pre-treatment before distillation, the distillation method, and post-distillation treatment. The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of drying process and prolonged storage on essential oil composition of clove bud from the Tolitoli, Indonesia. To determine the effect of drying, fresh clove bud was dried under sunlight until it reached moisture content 13±1 %. The effect of storage was studied in the oil extracted from clove bud that was stored in laboratory at 25 °C for 4 months. The essential oil of each treatment was obtained by steam distillation and its chemical composition was analyzed by GC/MS. The major components found in fresh and dried clove are as follows: eugenol, eugenyl acetate, and caryophyllene. Percentage of caryophyllene was slightly increase after drying but decrease during storage. While the content of eugenyl acetate decreased during drying and storage, the content of eugenol increased. The drying and storage also affect to the change on minor compounds of essential oil of clove.
ISBN: 978-073541536-2
Appears in Collections:Proceedings Collection

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